E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children

MALAR KODI S, megha gahlawat, RUPINDER DEOL.

Abstract
Pain and anxiety are the most common and prevalent adverse stimuli which are experienced hospitalized children. The most frightening and distressing source of pain and anxiety accounted for due to venipuncture. This study aimed to assess the effect of cold and vibration on pain and anxiety during intravenous cannulation among children. We conducted a prospective parallel-group randomized control trial in children who required intravenous cannulation. Two randomized matched groups; In the intervention group external cold and thermomechanical stimulation applied before 60 seconds, above 5 cm over intravenous cannulation site through Buzzy device while the control arm was received routine care. Children’s level of anxiety and pain were assessed using the Children’s Fear Scale (CFS) and Wong-Baker Faces pain Scale (WBFS). Mean scores of the self-reported procedural level of pain were less in the intervention group as compared to the control group (2.80±1.86, 7.47±2.40). Median of procedural pain level showed a significant difference between intervention and control arm at p (< .001) inferring that the Buzzy device strongly resulted in a reduction of perception of pain during the cannulation procedure. However, no significant difference was observed in the median of the procedural level of anxiety between two groups at p (0.208) stating that cold and vibration did not affect the level of anxiety of children. Although the combination of cold and thermomechanical stimulation through the Buzzy device did not have a significant impact on the procedural level of anxiety among children but could optimally allay the level of pain.

Key words: Cold, thermomechanical stimulation, Buzzy, Intravenous cannulation, Pain, Anxiety, Children


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by MALAR KODI S
Articles by megha gahlawat
Articles by RUPINDER DEOL
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

S MK, gahlawat m, DEOL R. Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019


Web Style

S MK, gahlawat m, DEOL R. Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=109910 [Access: November 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S MK, gahlawat m, DEOL R. Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S MK, gahlawat m, DEOL R. Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019



Harvard Style

S, M. K., gahlawat, . m. & DEOL, . R. (2021) Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019



Turabian Style

S, MALAR KODI, megha gahlawat, and RUPINDER DEOL. 2021. Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019



Chicago Style

S, MALAR KODI, megha gahlawat, and RUPINDER DEOL. "Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S, MALAR KODI, megha gahlawat, and RUPINDER DEOL. "Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S, M. K., gahlawat, . m. & DEOL, . R. (2021) Effect of External cold and thermomechanical stimulation on anxiety and pain during intravenous cannulation among children. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1590387019





Most Viewed Articles
  • Rheumatic heart disease in North Darfur: an alarmingly high burden and control initiative
    Nagwa Salih, Ishag Eisa, Daresalam Ishag, Intisar Ibrahim, Sulafa Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 24-27
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.4

  • Feeding growth restricted premature neonates: a challenging perspective
    Siba Prosad Paul, Emily Natasha Kirkham, Katherine Amy Hawton, Paul Anthony Mannix
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(2): 5-14
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1519511375

  • Congenital brain malformations in Sudanese children: an outpatient-based study
    Inaam Noureldyme Mohammed, Soad Abdalaziz Suliman, Maha A Elseed, Ahlam Abdalrhman Hamed, Mohamed Osman Babiker, Shaimaa Osman Taha
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 48-56
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.7

  • Evaluation of Science. [eng]
    Adnan Mahmmood Usmani; Sultan Ayoub Meo
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(1): 6-7
    » Abstract

  • Blood tests are not always helpful in predicting bacterial meningitis in children.
    Taha I Yousif, Katie O'Reilly, Montasser Nadeem
    Sudan J Paed. 2016; 16(2): 77-79
    » Abstract

  • Most Downloaded
  • Why mothers are not exclusively breast feeding their babies till 6 months of age? Knowledge and practices data from two large cities of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Hafsa Raheel, Shabana Tharkar
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 28-38
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.5

  • Inborn errors of metabolism associated with hyperglycaemic ketoacidosis and diabetes mellitus: narrative review
    Majid Alfadhel, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(1): 10-23
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2018.1.3

  • Severe desquamation in Kawasaki disease: Is it somehow protective?
    Jubran Theeb Alqanatish, Amir Babiker
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 56-59
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.7

  • The role of micronutrients in thyroid dysfunction
    Amir Babiker, Afnan Alawi, Mohsen Al Atawi, Ibrahim Al Alwan
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 13-19
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1587138942

  • Imaging features of complete agenesis of corpus callosum in a 3-year-old child
    Sunil Malik, Sonal Saran, yash sharma, Annu Kharbanda
    Sudan J Paed. 2018; 18(2): 69-71
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.106-1523336915

  • Most Cited Articles
  • Anti-diabetic medications: How to make a choice?
    Amir Babiker, Mohammed Al Dubayee
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 11-20
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.12
    Cited : 8 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Broad beans ( Vicia faba ) and the potential to protect from COVID-19 coronavirus infection
    Mutasim I. Khalil, Mustafa A. Salih, Ali A. Mustafa
    Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(1): 10-12
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.1061585398078
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Challenges in the diagnosis and management of Pediatric Rheumatology in the developing world: Lessons from a newly established clinic in Yemen
    Haifa Ali Bin Dahman
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 21-29
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.2
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Pattern of malaria in hospitalized children in Khartoum state
    Hasan Awadalla Hashim, Eltigani Mohamed Ahmed Ali
    Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 35-41
    » Abstract » doi: 10.24911/SJP.2017.2.4
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Commitment to the wellbeing of children worldwide. [eng]
    Mustafa Abdalla M Salih; Satti Abdelrahim Satti
    Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 4-5
    » Abstract
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]