E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria

Olayinka Rasheed Ibrahim, Abubakar Sani Lugga, Nuraddeen Ibrahim, Olajide Aladesua, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Bello Abdullahi Suleiman, Bello Muhammed Suleiman.

Abstract
Despite the recent progress in the malaria burden, climatic factors are important if the world will achieve the set target of its eradication. Hence, this study determined the impact of climatic conditions on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. This was a retrospective descriptive study that involved children with severe malaria managed between July 2016 and August 2017. The diagnosis of severe malaria was according to the World Health Organization 2016 guideline. We extracted relevant data from case records and obtained the weather information from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) and www.worldweatheronline.com. Data were entered in Microsoft Excel 2013 and analyzed with SPSS version 20. A total of 483 cases of children with severe malaria were managed. The median age was 4.0 (2.5 to 8.0) years. Males were 261 (54.0%). In the wet season, 375 (77.6%) cases were recorded while 108 (22.4%) cases occurred during the dry season. The odds of malaria occurring during the wet season were 2.057 (95% CI, 1.613 to 2.622). Temperature patterns were not related to malaria cases. Malaria cases showed significant moderate positive cross-correlation at 2- and 3-months lag for the rainfall pattern (best cross-correlation occurred at 3 months lag with a coefficient of 0.598, p=0.045). This study demonstrated marked seasonality of childhood severe malaria infection with 77% of cases during the wet season. Malaria was associated with only rainfall at a 2 to 3 months lag amongst the climatic variables. We recommend the urgent implementation of seasonal malaria chemoprophylaxis.

Key words: Child; severe malaria; rainfall; temperature patterns


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ibrahim OR, Lugga AS, Ibrahim N, Aladesua O, Ibrahim LM, Suleiman BA, Suleiman BM. Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765


Web Style

Ibrahim OR, Lugga AS, Ibrahim N, Aladesua O, Ibrahim LM, Suleiman BA, Suleiman BM. Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=131657 [Access: November 25, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ibrahim OR, Lugga AS, Ibrahim N, Aladesua O, Ibrahim LM, Suleiman BA, Suleiman BM. Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ibrahim OR, Lugga AS, Ibrahim N, Aladesua O, Ibrahim LM, Suleiman BA, Suleiman BM. Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765



Harvard Style

Ibrahim, O. R., Lugga, . A. S., Ibrahim, . N., Aladesua, . O., Ibrahim, . L. M., Suleiman, . B. A. & Suleiman, . B. M. (0) Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765



Turabian Style

Ibrahim, Olayinka Rasheed, Abubakar Sani Lugga, Nuraddeen Ibrahim, Olajide Aladesua, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Bello Abdullahi Suleiman, and Bello Muhammed Suleiman. 0. Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765



Chicago Style

Ibrahim, Olayinka Rasheed, Abubakar Sani Lugga, Nuraddeen Ibrahim, Olajide Aladesua, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Bello Abdullahi Suleiman, and Bello Muhammed Suleiman. "Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ibrahim, Olayinka Rasheed, Abubakar Sani Lugga, Nuraddeen Ibrahim, Olajide Aladesua, Lawal Magaji Ibrahim, Bello Abdullahi Suleiman, and Bello Muhammed Suleiman. "Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ibrahim, O. R., Lugga, . A. S., Ibrahim, . N., Aladesua, . O., Ibrahim, . L. M., Suleiman, . B. A. & Suleiman, . B. M. (0) Impact of climatic variables on childhood severe malaria in a tertiary health facility in northern Nigeria. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1599226765





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