E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection

Nada A. Alharbi, Thamir S. Alsaeed, Arwa S. Aljohany, Kholoud K. Alwehaibi, Munira A. Almasaad, Rawan M. Alotaibi, Basil J. Alotaibi, Ebtihal A. Alamoudi.

Abstract
Introduction
Salmonella infection is one of the most common causes of gastroenteritis worldwide. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality if not treated properly. It has developed resistance to multiple antibiotics. These developments are concerning.
Objective
This study sought to observe common patterns of invasive Salmonella infections, such as the common serotypes involved, presentation, sensitive investigations, and effective treatment. This study also aimed to examine the risk factors that can worsen the infection and increase morbidity and mortality.
Methods
This retrospective analysis included all patients who were diagnosed with invasive Salmonella infection at KKUH from May 2017 to December 2018. Most patients in this report were immunocompromised; however, a few previously healthy patients. Different types of specimens were collected.
Results
Twenty-two patients with invasive salmonella were included in this study. Sixteen of them had underlying conditions. The most common presenting symptoms of illness were fever (n=13), vomiting (n=6), and diarrhea (n=4). Most blood samples (94%) were positive for Salmonella. All patients were discharged except three who died; these were all older patients with comorbidities.
Conclusion
The findings of this study support that immunocompromised patients and people with extreme ages are more likely to have serious medical illnesses and at higher risk of infection with Salmonella spp. Therefore, we stress the importance of public education about maintaining high standards of food and water safety. Moreover, antibiotic resistance against salmonella is a rising problem, so judicious use of antibiotics should be promoted and continuous evaluation should be carried out.

Key words: Immunocompromised, Invasive, Ciprofloxacin Resistance, Salmonella, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alharbi NA, Alsaeed TS, Aljohany AS, Alwehaibi KK, Almasaad MA, Alotaibi RM, Alotaibi BJ, Alamoudi EA. Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379


Web Style

Alharbi NA, Alsaeed TS, Aljohany AS, Alwehaibi KK, Almasaad MA, Alotaibi RM, Alotaibi BJ, Alamoudi EA. Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=95726 [Access: November 27, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi NA, Alsaeed TS, Aljohany AS, Alwehaibi KK, Almasaad MA, Alotaibi RM, Alotaibi BJ, Alamoudi EA. Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi NA, Alsaeed TS, Aljohany AS, Alwehaibi KK, Almasaad MA, Alotaibi RM, Alotaibi BJ, Alamoudi EA. Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379



Harvard Style

Alharbi, N. A., Alsaeed, . T. S., Aljohany, . A. S., Alwehaibi, . K. K., Almasaad, . M. A., Alotaibi, . R. M., Alotaibi, . B. J. & Alamoudi, . E. A. (2021) Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379



Turabian Style

Alharbi, Nada A., Thamir S. Alsaeed, Arwa S. Aljohany, Kholoud K. Alwehaibi, Munira A. Almasaad, Rawan M. Alotaibi, Basil J. Alotaibi, and Ebtihal A. Alamoudi. 2021. Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379



Chicago Style

Alharbi, Nada A., Thamir S. Alsaeed, Arwa S. Aljohany, Kholoud K. Alwehaibi, Munira A. Almasaad, Rawan M. Alotaibi, Basil J. Alotaibi, and Ebtihal A. Alamoudi. "Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Nada A., Thamir S. Alsaeed, Arwa S. Aljohany, Kholoud K. Alwehaibi, Munira A. Almasaad, Rawan M. Alotaibi, Basil J. Alotaibi, and Ebtihal A. Alamoudi. "Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection." doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, N. A., Alsaeed, . T. S., Aljohany, . A. S., Alwehaibi, . K. K., Almasaad, . M. A., Alotaibi, . R. M., Alotaibi, . B. J. & Alamoudi, . E. A. (2021) Clinical Features and Microbiology of Invasive Salmonella Infection. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1594309379





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