E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan

Almigdad Hayder Mohammed Ali, Mohamed Ahmed Abdullah, Fadwa Mohammed Saad, Haider Abu Ahmed Mohamed.

Abstract
Mothers are the major role players with regard to their children’s immunisation. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers of children below 5 years of age with regard to immunisation in Northern State, Sudan. This was a cross-sectional survey which was conducted in three villages in 2016. All mothers having at least one child below the age of 5 years were included. Data were collected by interviews using a self-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were displayed and chisquare test was used to assess associations. A total of 127 mothers of 191 children were included. The mean knowledge score about the names of vaccines/diseases prevented was 3.47 out of 10. The most correctly named vaccines by the mothers were measles (87.4%) and polio (86.6%), whereas the least ones were hepatitis (7.1%) and diphtheria (8.7%). The majority (99.2%) of the mothers had a positive attitude. The mean knowledge score about the timing of doses was 4.12 out of 5. The most correctly timed dose by the mothers was the dose at 6 weeks ‘dose 1’ (96.1%) and the least one was the dose at birth ‘dose 0’ (60.6%). About half (48.7%) of the children were completely immunised, 46% were only missing their ‘dose 0’, mostly because of closed vaccination units on the day of birth (73.6%), and 5.3% were incompletely immunised. Hospital delivery, availability of vaccination card and good socioeconomic status were associated with complete immunisation status, with p-values equal to 0.00, 0.00 and 0.03, respectively. Educating mothers about immunisation, increasing the days of immunisation and providing outreach services for home-delivered newborns are important interventions to increase the immunization coverage.

Key words: Children, under 5, Immunization, Mothers, Sudan


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ali AHM, Abdullah MA, Saad FM, Mohamed HAA. Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(2): 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453


Web Style

Ali AHM, Abdullah MA, Saad FM, Mohamed HAA. Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=99231 [Access: August 13, 2020]. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ali AHM, Abdullah MA, Saad FM, Mohamed HAA. Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2020; 20(2): 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ali AHM, Abdullah MA, Saad FM, Mohamed HAA. Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2020), [cited August 13, 2020]; 20(2): 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453



Harvard Style

Ali, A. H. M., Abdullah, . M. A., Saad, . F. M. & Mohamed, . H. A. A. (2020) Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 20 (2), 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453



Turabian Style

Ali, Almigdad Hayder Mohammed, Mohamed Ahmed Abdullah, Fadwa Mohammed Saad, and Haider Abu Ahmed Mohamed. 2020. Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (2), 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453



Chicago Style

Ali, Almigdad Hayder Mohammed, Mohamed Ahmed Abdullah, Fadwa Mohammed Saad, and Haider Abu Ahmed Mohamed. "Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20 (2020), 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ali, Almigdad Hayder Mohammed, Mohamed Ahmed Abdullah, Fadwa Mohammed Saad, and Haider Abu Ahmed Mohamed. "Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 20.2 (2020), 152-162. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ali, A. H. M., Abdullah, . M. A., Saad, . F. M. & Mohamed, . H. A. A. (2020) Immunisation of children under 5 years: mothers’ knowledge, attitude and practice in Alseir locality, Northern State, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 20 (2), 152-162. doi:10.24911/SJP.106-1586870453





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