E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Research 


The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Low birth weight is a known comorbidity of congenital heart disease (CHD). This study examines the relationship between CHD and birth weight of singletons, while attempting to remove factors that influence birth weight, and assesses the impact of CHD on growth in later life. The main objective is to study the relationship between birthweight and CHD. This is a cross-sectional study of 141 samples,
covering all patients who were referred to the Paediatric Echocardiography Lab at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre between September and October 2016. Infants with genetic syndromes or other major extracardiac abnormalities were excluded. The findings of this study clearly demonstrate that infants with CHD are more likely to be of low birth weight than the general Sudanese population, by a factor of 2.6. Of the sample, 31.9% were born with low or very low birthweight. The mean birth weight of the cases was 2.59 kg, which is 17.3% and 542.4 g less than the national average. CHD that cause a decrement in birth weight in a descending order of severity were atrial septal defect (−721 g/23%), patent ductus arteriosus (−669 g/21%), ventricular septal defect (−610 g/19%), pulmonary stenosis (−548 g/13%) and tetralogy of Fallot (248 g/8%). Pre/postnatal growth impairment is a common feature among children with CHD. No statistically significant relationship was found between the degree of birth weight/weight to age decrement and the specific type of hemodynamic disturbance. Our results are comparable to other studies that have been undertaken. However, Sudanese patients display larger birthweight deficits than other populations.

Key words: Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre; Birth weight; Congenital heart disease; Echocardiography; Sudan


 
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This Article Cited By the following articles

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2019; 12(2): 117.

1
 
Article authored by three generations: International lifetime commitment to child health
Sudan J Paed 2017; (): 5.

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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6


Web Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=276901 [Access: November 24, 2021]. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. 2017; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed. (2017), [cited November 24, 2021]; 17(2): 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Harvard Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali (2017) The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudan J Paed, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Turabian Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. 2017. The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



Chicago Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. "The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17 (2017), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali. "The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan." Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics 17.2 (2017), 49-55. Print. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hafiz Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Osama Hafiz Elshazali, Hafiz Elshazali (2017) The relationship between birth weight and congenital heart disease at Ahmed Gasim Cardiac Centre, Bahri, Sudan. Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics, 17 (2), 49-55. doi:10.24911/SJP.2017.2.6





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