E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories

Sanaa Khalid Mukhtar, Mohamed Sir K. Hashim, Abdullah AbdelRheman.

Abstract
Data from two educational homes for juveniles (Reformatories) in the Sudan was collected to detect the common medical problems, to assess the psychosocial profile and to identify factors associated with offending. Self administered questionnaire with supplemented questions on sociodemographic data including drug history, substance abuse, features of both medical and psychiatric problems along with detailed informations about the offence were stated. Another questionnaire, strength and difficulties questionnaire, which is a behavioral screening covering item on psychosocial attributes, was also administered. Complete physical examination was also recorded. There were 120 detained children with age ranging 10-17 years, the peak age of convicted children was found to be 15-17 years with predominance of males. The majority of detained children belong to a low social classes (94.2%), with condemnation being the main cause of placement (43.3%). The most common health problem was substance / alcohol abuse which was reported in (54%), followed by dermatological conditions which accounted for (30.8%). Intestinal parasitisms were reported by (11.6%). Enuresis was found in (11.6%), schistosomiasis affected (6.1%) and upper respiratory tract infection which was encountered in (6.7%). The prevalence of HBV seropositive was (4.9%) while psychiatric disorders were diagnosed in (40%) which were mainly conduct disorders (83.3%), with an overlapping between different psychiatric disorders. Being an offender was significantly affected by the state of poverty (P. value <0.000). However, it was not affected by the state of coming from large families, other offenders in the family, poor education or repeated offending. It concluded that the common health problems are substance / alcohol abuse, dermatological problems and intestinal parasitism. Psychiatric disorders were diagnosed in more than one third of convicted children with conduct disorders being the most common. Being an offender was significantly affected by the state of poverty (P<0.000).

Key words: Pediatrics


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mukhtar SK, Hashim MSK, AbdelRheman A. Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories.


Web Style

Mukhtar SK, Hashim MSK, AbdelRheman A. Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=105938 [Access: November 25, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mukhtar SK, Hashim MSK, AbdelRheman A. Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mukhtar SK, Hashim MSK, AbdelRheman A. Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories.



Harvard Style

Mukhtar, S. K., Hashim, . M. S. K. & AbdelRheman, . A. (2007) Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories.



Turabian Style

Mukhtar, Sanaa Khalid, Mohamed Sir K. Hashim, and Abdullah AbdelRheman. 2007. Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories.



Chicago Style

Mukhtar, Sanaa Khalid, Mohamed Sir K. Hashim, and Abdullah AbdelRheman. "Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mukhtar, Sanaa Khalid, Mohamed Sir K. Hashim, and Abdullah AbdelRheman. "Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mukhtar, S. K., Hashim, . M. S. K. & AbdelRheman, . A. (2007) Medical and psychosocial aspects of children in Kober and Elgeraif Reformatories.





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