E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman

Karim Eldin Mohamed Ali Salih, Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, El Nageeb Suleimen Saeed.

Abstract
Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) is a common cause of serious infections including meningitis, pneumonia and epiglottitis. Isolation of the organism by culture is laborious but a rapid latex test has recently been proved useful for diagnosis. The objectives of this prospective hospital-based study were to (a) determine the incidence of severe Rib disease, namely meningitis, epiglottitis and severe pneumonia in children 2-59 months based on the clinical features together with a rapid laboratory test (latex) and (b) report on short term outcome. During a one-year period, 305 patients admitted to Omdurman Teaching Hospital with suspected Hib disease were enrolled; 117 (39% )were cases of meningitis. Severe pneumonia and epiglottitis comprised 180 (59%) and 8 (3%) cases, respectively. Of 117 cases clinically diagnosed as meningitis, Haemophilus influenza type b was detected by latex test in 22 (44%) patients; but all blood cultures were negative for Hib. The organism was found to be sensitive to chloramphenicol in 43% of cases. The case fatality rate was 9.1%; hemiplegia and epilepsy each occurred in one of the cases who recovered. The need for
introduction of Hib vaccine in the national program of immunization cannot be overemphasized.

Key words: Haemophilus injluenzae type b, meningitis, pneumonia, epiglottits


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Salih KEMA, Ibrahim SA, Saeed ENS. Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman.


Web Style

Salih KEMA, Ibrahim SA, Saeed ENS. Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=105912 [Access: November 27, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Salih KEMA, Ibrahim SA, Saeed ENS. Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Salih KEMA, Ibrahim SA, Saeed ENS. Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman.



Harvard Style

Salih, K. E. M. A., Ibrahim, . S. A. & Saeed, . E. N. S. (2007) Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman.



Turabian Style

Salih, Karim Eldin Mohamed Ali, Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, and El Nageeb Suleimen Saeed. 2007. Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman.



Chicago Style

Salih, Karim Eldin Mohamed Ali, Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, and El Nageeb Suleimen Saeed. "Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Salih, Karim Eldin Mohamed Ali, Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, and El Nageeb Suleimen Saeed. "Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Salih, K. E. M. A., Ibrahim, . S. A. & Saeed, . E. N. S. (2007) Serious infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children aged 2-59 months in Omdurman.





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