E-ISSN 1858-8360 | ISSN 0256-4408
 

Original Article 


Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state

Salah Ahmed Ibrahim, Maha Elbukhari Ibrahim.

Abstract
During the period March 2001 and August 2002, febrile children aged less than 12 years who had negative blood film for malaria were selected as cases. A matched afebrile admissions were selected as controls; 108(27%) out of 400 cases and 38(19%) out of 200 controls were studied. Viral infection was detected in 64.4% of malaria negative patients (P <0.05). The incidence of rubella, Influenza A virus, CMV was 18.5%, 15.8% and 13%, respectively; while that of measles, Adenoviruses and Influenza B virus was 8.3%, 11.1% and 11.1%, respectively. The incidence of parainfluenza virus, EBV, RSV was 6.5%, 4.6% and 1.9%, respectively. Serological titers of cases compared to controls were insignificant except for Influenza A virus which occurred more in afebrile patients (P < 0.05) and it was the most frequent virus encountered in association with other viruses. Mixed viral infections occurred in 21(19.4%) patients. Viral infection was implicated in 30.5% and 15.1% of cases of respiratory tract infections and gastroenteritis, respectively. About 10% and 13.3% of infants less than three months were found to have significant IgM titers of Rubella & CMV respectively. This raises the possibility of congenital (maternal transmitted) infection. The study revealed that no difference in the incidence of viral infection between febrile and afebrile children (p= 0.3423) and that the clinical presentation of certain viral infections e.g. rubella, influenza etc is not different from that reported in literature, mostly presenting with symptomatology of respiratory infections.

Key words: Pediatrics


 
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Pubmed Style

Ibrahim SA, Ibrahim ME. Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state.


Web Style

Ibrahim SA, Ibrahim ME. Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state. http://www.sudanjp.com/?mno=105142 [Access: November 29, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ibrahim SA, Ibrahim ME. Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ibrahim SA, Ibrahim ME. Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state.



Harvard Style

Ibrahim, S. A. & Ibrahim, . M. E. (2005) Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state.



Turabian Style

Ibrahim, Salah Ahmed, and Maha Elbukhari Ibrahim. 2005. Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state.



Chicago Style

Ibrahim, Salah Ahmed, and Maha Elbukhari Ibrahim. "Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state."



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ibrahim, Salah Ahmed, and Maha Elbukhari Ibrahim. "Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state."



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ibrahim, S. A. & Ibrahim, . M. E. (2005) Acute febrile viral infections among children below 12 years in Khartoum state.





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